Buying A Puppy? How to
Select a Breeder
of the puppies raised in the U.S. are raised by people who NEVER have another
litter. Relatively few of these people are well informed, prepared for the experience
and do a good job. They don't usually stand behind their puppies. Very few are
equipped to take adequate care of all puppies until they can be placed in good
homes, regardless of how long that takes. Another LARGE PERCENTAGE of puppies
are raised by "PUPPY FARMS" that sell numerous litters of many breeds, or sell
to retailers for resale. A RESPONSIBLE BREEDER NEVER SELLS TO PET SHOPS!!!
That leaves relatively
small percentages of puppies being raised by experienced people who are dedicated
to one or two breeds and raising puppies for reasons other than maximum profit.
Not all of these breeders are knowledgeable and conscientious.
How Do You Identify
An Experienced and Conscientious Breeder?
- When you inquire
about a puppy, the breeder will interview you. You know they will not sell
you a puppy simply because you want one and have the money to pay for one.
They want to know that you can house and raise their puppy appropriately and
that their puppy will have one permanent home for his entire lifetime.
- You will talk
to and buy the puppy from the breeder who raised the litter and owns or co-owns
the mother (dam). Conscientious breeders don't trust other people to screen
puppy buyers for them and would never offer a puppy as a prize or for an auction.
Their puppies don't cost any more because there is no "middleman". All puppies
will have had at least one DHLP and parvo vaccination and a worm test or a
- The breeder
will know the ancestry of the puppies, not just parents, but grandparents
and beyond. Not just titled and colors, but strong points and weak points
of personality and structure.
- The breeder
will tell you what genetic screening (such as OFA x-rays) is necessary for
that breed, will be willing to discuss problems and show proof of genetic
screening. Even mixed breed dogs can have Hip Dysplasia.
- You won't see
multiple litters of multiple breeds. One to three breeds is typical and one
to five litters a year TOTAL is typical. You will see evidence (photos, books,
possibly awards) of long term interest and activity in the breed. The puppies
environment will be clean with ample room for exercise. Puppies confined to
a small area can't grow normally and are difficult to housetrain.
- The puppies
will not have been separated from their mother and littermates at less than
7 weeks of age. Many breeders consider 7-8 weeks ideal, some later. But if
you look at puppies over 12 weeks of age, be certain they have had enough
individual attention and separation from one another, that they are more bonded
to people than to other dogs.
- All things discussed
and implied will be written down in a contract. The breeder will be there
to help and advise you throughout the life of the puppy. Many breeders will
ask you to bring the puppy (or dog) back to them at any age, if for any reason
you can't keep him.
- Unless you are
very serious about becoming a student of your breed and a conscientious breeder,
you will be encouraged to spay/neuter the pup. The breeding of a dog is a
responsibility that shouldn't be entered into lightly.
- The breeder
will insist that you prepare an appropriate place at home for your puppy before
you take your puppy home. They will give you thorough personal instructions
on puppy feeding and care and a record of vaccinations and worming.
- If AKC registration
application is not yet available, the breeder will furnish you with the registered
names and numbers of sire and dam, birth date of litter and name, address
and phone number of breeder as the AKC requires.
Be aware that
AKC registration does not mean quality. It only means that your dog is a purebred.
"Pet quality" puppies should be considered as just that! Even litters from very
well bred parents usually contain only a few "show or breeding" quality pups.
The rest of the litter sold as pets can well supply the pet-buying public, providing
that the buyers realize that, while pure-bred, these puppies are not breeding